New Space Race: U.S., India, and China
New Space Race: U.S., India, and China
  • Reporter Lee Jin-ho
  • 승인 2024.06.12 15:41
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▲Countries around the world are fiercely competing for the moon / Shutterstock
▲Countries around the world are fiercely competing for the moon / Shutterstock

  In recent years, the United States, China, and India have made significant strides in space exploration and technological development, leading to a new space race. These countries are competing in a way reminiscent of the U.S.-Soviet space race of the Cold War era. Let’s look at the major space programs and objectives of each country, and their international political and economic impacts.

  The U.S. is still playing a leading role, with NASA at the center, conducting various missions such as Mars exploration and returning to the moon through the Artemis program. Through the Artemis program, the U.S. aims to send humans to the moon again by 2024, and based on this, pave the way for Mars exploration. The U.S. is also pushing for various space exploration projects by strengthening cooperation with India.

  China has recently made remarkable progress in space development. It plans to launch 100 missions in 2024, including manned and cargo missions, and its lunar sample return mission, Chang’e-6. The country aims to land humans on the moon by 2030 and is also pushing ahead with plans to explore near-Earth asteroids through the Tianwen-2 mission. Recently, it has successfully docked a Tianzhou-7 cargo spacecraft to the Tiangong Space Station, continuing to strengthen the supply for the station’s operations.

  India has made great achievements with its Chandrayaan-3 lunar mission and Aditya-L1 solar mission. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has invested around 3 billion USD to bolster its space program and will soon launch a manned mission. In addition, it is working with the U.S. in areas such as astronaut training and planetary defense. India is planning a joint mission to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2024 in cooperation with NASA and is preparing to launch the NASA-ISRO Joint Radar Satellite (NISAR).

  The new space competition between the U.S., China, and India is having a significant influence on international politics and the economy, beyond technological advances and national pride. These countries are opening new fields in space exploration through cooperation and competition, pioneering the future of mankind.